Students at King’s College India are grouped into four different houses. The fou houses are named after castles in the UK, namely:
These castles are located in different parts of the UK
Pendragon Castle is a ruin located in Mallerstang dale, Cumbria, south of Kirkby Stephen, and close to the hamlet of Outhgill, at grid reference NY781025.
It stands in an atmospheric spot above a bend in the river Eden, overlooked by Wild Boar Fell to the south-west and Mallerstang Edge to the east. It is a grade I listed building.
Pendragon or Pen Draig (Middle Welsh pen[n] dragon, pen[n] dreic; composed of Welsh pen, “head, chief, top” and draig/dragon, “dragon; warrior”; borrowed from the Latin word dracō, plural dracōnēs, “dragon[s]”) literally means “Chief-Dragon” or “Head-Dragon”, but in a figurative sense, “chief leader”, “chief of warriors”, “commander-in-chief”, “generalissimo”, or “chief governor”.
- In the Historia Regum Britanniae, one of the earliest texts of the Arthurian legend, only Uther is given the surname “Pendragon”, which is explained by the author Geoffrey of Monmouth as literally meaning “dragon’s head”.
- In the prose version of Robert de Boron‘s Merlin, the name of Uther’s elder brother Ambrosius is given as “Pendragon”, while Uter (Uther) changes his name after his brother’s death to “Uterpendragon”.
- The use of “Pendragon” to refer to Arthur, rather than to Uther or his brother, is of much more recent vintage. In literature, one of its earliest uses to refer to Arthur is in Alfred Tennyson‘s poem Lancelot and Elaine, where, however, it appears as Arthur’s title rather than his surname, following contemporary speculation that “pendragon” had been a term for an ancient Welsh war-chief.
- Mark Twain in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court makes various satirical and scathing remarks about “The Pendragon Dynasty” which are in fact aimed at ridiculing much later British dynasties.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire. It is notable for its long association with the English and later British royal family and for its architecture. The original castle was built in the 11th century after the Norman invasion of England by William the Conqueror. Since the time of Henry I, it has been used by the reigning monarch and is the longest-occupied palace in Europe. The castle’s lavish early 19th-century State Apartments were described by the art historian Hugh Roberts as “a superb and unrivalled sequence of rooms widely regarded as the finest and most complete expression of later Georgian taste”. Inside the castle walls is the 15th-century St George’s Chapel, considered by the historian John Martin Robinson to be “one of the supreme achievements of English Perpendicular Gothic” design.
In the 16th Century this coat of arms was recorded for the town of Windsor.A stag’s head representing Berkshire and the royal forest sits above a stylised castle of three towers.
The three towers are not meant to be a direct representation of Windsor Castle. They are in fact taken from the family crest of Queen Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I who first made Windsor a Free Borough and granted the town its Charter.
Eleanor’s use of the castle motif was essentially a pun on the name ‘Castile’ which sounds like ‘castle’.Between the stag’s antlers the quartered royal crest of french gold fleur de lys on blue and the 3 gold english lions on scarlet. The royal crest indicates the symbolic importance of Windsor’s relationship with the monarchy at the time.
Pembroke Castle is a medieval castle in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, West Wales. The castle was the original family seat of the Earldom of Pembroke. A Grade I listed building since 1951, a major restoration took place during the early 20th century.
- Arms: Or six Chevronels Gules within a Bordure quarterly Argent and Azure charged with twelve Martlets those on the Argent of the second and those on the Azure of the field.
Crest: On a Wreath of the Colours in front of a Castle with three Towers the outer two steepled proper an Anchor Sable.
Supporters : On the dexter side a Lion Gules charged on the shoulder with a Portcullis chained Or and on the sinister side a Lion Argent charged on the shoulder with a Tudor Rose each gorged with a Naval Crown Gold.
Motto : ‘UNG NOUS SERVONS’ – We serve as one
- The arms were officially granted on September 12, 1950 and transferred to the town council.
- The chevronels are those of Gilbert de Clare, first Earl of Pembroke, while in the border the red martlets on white are from the arms of William de Valence, Earl of Pembroke 1251-96, and the gold martlets on blue are from the arms of Jasper Tudor who was created Earl of Pembroke in 1453. The castle and anchor stand for Pembroke town and dock.
- The red lion is derived from the arms of William the Marshal, who was Earl of Pembroke 1199-1219, and was succeeded in the earldom by his five sons. The white lion is from the heraldry of the Herbert family, who have held the Earldom of Pembroke since 1468. The naval crowns refer to Pembroke Dock, with particular reference to the former Royal Naval Dockyard, and the portcullis and rose are badges of King Henry VII, who was born at Pembroke Castle in 1457.
- The motto is a variation of that of the Herbert Earls of Pembroke, Ung je serviray.
Warwick Castle is a medieval castle developed from an original built by William the Conqueror in 1068. Warwick is the county town of Warwickshire, England, situated on a bend of the River Avon. The original wooden motte-and-bailey castle was rebuilt in stone in the 12th century. During the Hundred Years War, the facade opposite the town was refortified, resulting in one of the most recognisable examples of 14th century military architecture.
It was used as a stronghold until the early 17th century, when it was granted to Sir Fulke Greville by James I in 1604. Greville converted it to a country house and it was owned by the Greville family, who became Earls of Warwick in 1759, until 1978 when it was bought by the Tussauds Group. In 2007, the Tussauds Group merged with Merlin Entertainments, which is the current owner of Warwick Castle.
- Arms : Or on a Cross quadrate Gules a Castle of three Towers within a circular Wall in perspective pierced by a Port with Portcullis Argent between four Cross crosslets Or.
Crest : On a Wreath of the Colours within a Circlet of four Fleurs de Lys and four Mullets Or pierced Gules alternately a demi Lion queue-fourchee Vert supporting a Rod of Esculapius proper.
Supporters : On either side a Bear supporting a ragged Staff Argent and gorged with a Wreath of Oak fructed proper.
Motto : ‘FORWARD IN UNITY’.
- The arms were officially granted on November 13, 1975.
- The shield shows four cross-crosslets dreived from the arms of the Beauchamp family, Earls of Warwick. These cross-crosslets are also found in the arms of the Warwickshire County Council, and thus represent four Warwickshire councils combined. In the centre of the cross quadrate is a distinctive castle, from the arms of the former Borough of Warwick. Taken together, the charges on the shield show the new Warwick District, forged from four old Warwickshire councils.
- The crest has a circlet of gold fleur-de-lys and mullets, the latter pierced gules. These featured in the arms or crest of both Leamington and Kenilworth, and are taken from the Clinton family arms. Rising from the circlet is a green lion, queue-fourchee. This also featured in the arms of Kenilworth and Leamington, and is from the arms of the Dudley Earls of Warwick. The lion holds a rod of Aesculapius, symbolising the health resort of Leamington Spa.
- The supporters are the familiar bear and ragged staff of Warwickshire, made distinctive by a collar of oak.